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How to Register a Company in Pakistan?
Companies remain the most favored form of business organisations in Pakistan especially for medium and large-scale business enterprises. Legal regime for establishment and regulation of companies in Pakistan is given in the Companies Ordinance, 1984. Whereas the function of administration of these companies is vested in the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan and the Registrar of Companies appointed by the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan for a Province of Pakistan where such company is to be registered.
Under the provisions of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 a company is a corporate body with separate legal entity and a perpetual succession and a company may be formed by persons associating for any lawful purpose by subscribing their names to the Memorandum of Association and complying with other requirements for registration of a company under the provisions of the Ordinance.
The Companies Ordinance, 1984 provides three different types of companies:
- A company limited by shares
- A company limited by guarantee
- An unlimited liability company
Further, under the Companies Ordinance, 1984 two types of limited liability companies are provided namely, a) a private limited company and b) a public limited company (which may be listed or unlisted). Any one or more persons associated for any lawful purpose by subscribing their name(s) to the Memorandum of Association and complying with other registration specific requirements of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 may incorporate a private limited company. Provided that where a company has only one subscriber to the Memorandum of Association then such a company is called a Single Member Company, however, a Single Member Company remains a private limited company for all intents and purposes of the Ordinance. Whereas any three or more persons so associated may form a public limited company. A company limited by shares whether a private company or a public company is the most common vehicle for carrying out a business enterprise in Pakistan.
Prior approval of the relevant Ministries/Departments is required to be obtained before incorporation of the following companies:
- A banking company
- A non-banking finance company
- A security service providing company
- A corporate brokerage house
- A money exchange company
- An Association not for profit u/s42 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984
A trade organisation u/s 42 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984
Procedure for Registration of a Company in Pakistan
Step No. 1 for Registration of a Company in Pakistan Availability of Name
The first step with regard to incorporation of a company is to seek availability of the proposed name for the company from the Registrar. For this purpose, an application is to be made and a fee of Rs.200 is required to be paid for seeking availability certificate.
Step No. 2 for Registration of a Company in Pakistan Filing of documents required for registration of a private limited company in Pakistan
The following documents are required to be filed with the registrar concerned for registration of a private limited company in Pakistan:
Documents required for registration of a Single Member Company in Pakistan